The cryogenic process of copper-aluminum-tungsten steel tungsten carbide cryogenic treatment machine can improve the performance of metal materials. Effective and economical technical indicators. During the cryogenic process of martensite, the residual austenite is transformed, and the fine dispersed carbides are in the material The change of the performance can prevent the ultrafine carbides precipitated by the movement of dislocations, thereby strengthening the matrix structure and exerting the grain boundary strengthening effect, and the following three aspects are improved: impact toughness, wear resistance, and dimensional stability.
In the industry, the treatment method of further cooling the material after ordinary heat treatment to 100 ℃ ~ 196 ℃ is called cryogenic treatment, which can reduce the content of paralympics, promote the precipitation of fine carbides, reduce intercrystalline tensile stress, and thus improve the following macroscopic properties :
Increase hardness: High-speed steel and die steel increase Rockwell hardness by 1 to 2℃.
Improve wear resistance: Cr12MoV steel wear resistance increased by 30%, 20Ni3Mo carburized steel wear resistance increased by 89%.
Increased bending strength: The bending strength of 440A cast stainless steel increased from 1135MPa to 1355MPa.
Improve toughness: W6Mo5Cr4V2 impact energy increased from 18J to 40J.
Improve Red Hardness: The hardness of W18Cr4V increases from Rockwell hardness 57.9 to 63.9 at 625 ℃.
Improve dimensional stability: 95Crl8 stainless steel residual austenite is reduced from 35% to 10%.
Improve conductivity: The resistivity of copper alloy Cu-15Ni-8Sn decreases from 2 86 × l0-7 Ω.m to 1.5l × l0-7Ω.m.
With the development of low-temperature technology and the improvement of test methods, people have gradually deepened the research of cryogenic treatment. The research scope has now extended from iron making to powder metallurgy, copper alloy, aluminum alloy and other non-metallic materials. Cryogenic chamber application industries are found in many fields such as aerospace, hardware, tools, molds, friction parts, precision machining, measuring tools, textiles, and automobiles. Cryogenic technology is currently a high-tech to improve the performance of metal materials.
It is characterized by consumables, low power consumption and no environmental pollution. It is a new type of environmental protection technology.
At present, this technology has been widely used in aerospace, marine, military, manufacturing, automotive, hardware tools, sports equipment and other industries.
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